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English Sentence Structure with Examples

by Chetna Vasishth


Hey and welcome  to Class 2 of our 21 Day English speaking course, right here on ChetChat. It is Grammar Tuesday and we are going to be talking about sentences, parts of a sentence and types of sentences.

If you are new to the course, let me quickly give you a recap of the rules. 

We will have two classes every week, Grammar Tuesdays and Vocabulary Fridays right here on our Youtube Channel. Each class will have a short quiz at the end. I will share the correct answers in the next class and also give a shout out to the fastest five correct answers – so make sure you are logging in at 4 pm sharp on every Tuesday and Friday.

These videos are completely free of charge for all of you, but if you are looking for a little more personalised help and if you want your specific queries answered and your quiz responses to be personally marked then you can join our ChetChatters members club by pressing the join button, right next to the subscribe button.

Today is Grammar Tuesday and we will be covering

  1. Sentences
  2. Parts of a sentence
  3. Types of sentences
  4. A Quiz
  5. Solutions to the quiz from Class #1
  6. Shoutout to the fastest five correct entries

I recommend you have a small size notebook or a writing pad and pen with you while attending the class.

So, what is a sentence? A sentence consists of a group of words. What if a group of words did not make sense? Would that group of words still be called a sentence? example she-has-English-learn. I-pen-having. You-are-Chetchat-watched. Do these make sense? No, so these cannot be called sentences.

A sentence is a group of words that make complete sense. 

Parts of a sentence

A sentence has 2 parts. 

Example – The boy kicks a ball. 

It is like someone does something – and these are the two parts of the sentence. 

The boy and kicks a ball. The boy is the subject here since all the discussion is about the boy. and the other part (kicks the ball) is the predicate. 

Let’s take another example 

The girl ran to meet her friend

Who are we talking about here – The girl – yes! The girl is the subject and ran to meet her friend is the predicate.

So let me give you an easy hack to find out what is the subject and predicate in each sentence. First find the action in the sentence – example ran to meet her friend and kicks the ball – now ask a question Who or what before it – Who ran to meet her friend and who kicks the ball – the answer is the Subject.

Let’s see how this works

The weather is pleasant.

What is pleasant?  – The weather. What are we talking about here – the weather!

The weather is the subject and is pleasant is the predicate.

Another hack to find out which is the subject and predicate – 

The subject will most likely be a person, place or thing – so most likely it will be a noun or a pronoun. The predicate will include the action – which is the verb – that goes on to tell us something about the subject.

 

Here’s an exercise for you – 

The teacher is going to teach today. Now ask the question – who will teach today ?

Go ahead, write in the comments section – which is the subject and which is the predicate.

You got it !!

Not pick up 10 sentences from your book and practice this.

P.S – in longer and complex sentences, there may be multiple subjects and predicates, so start with small simple sentences to understand the concept fully.

Since this is a basic course, I want to keep this very simple

Types of sentences

 

Sentences are of 4 kinds:

  1. The first kind of sentence is a statement of fact. As though you are just declaring some piece of information – 

 

Examples are – 

The sky is blue. 

My cat is black.

She is ten years old.

Or you may be stating an opinion e.g. I like the blue shirt.

 

These are the most common types of sentences and they are called Declarative or Assertive sentences, since you are declaring a fact. 

 

One hack to recognise these sentences is that they always end in a full stop or a period.

 

  1. The second kind is one that asks a question.

Example

What is the date today? 

Are you enjoying this class?

Did you watch Class No. 1 of this course?

It’s like you are interrogating someone by asking them questions and hence this type of statement is called the Interrogative type of sentences 

You guessed it, one hack to recognise such sentences is that they end with a question mark.

 

  1. The third type of sentence is here you give instructions or advice, or request for something 

Examples –

Please tell me which route I need to follow. 

Come here right now! (in an angry tone) 

Have a good day! (request)

Stop beating the dog (instructions / command)

These sentences have a sense of urgency and importance, since you are instructing someone and they are called Imperative sentences. 

They usually end with a full stop but they may end with an exclamation mark sometimes e.g. Move out of my way!

  1. The fourth type of sentence is where you exclaim or suddenly express a feeling. This type of sentence is more spontaneous and is said when a person is excited or annoyed. You may express happiness, surprise, anger and so on. Like:

What a beauty! 

This place smells horrible!

Happy birthday Sheldon!

These are Exclamatory sentence These sentences are easy to recognize since they end in an exclamation mark.

Quiz time! Coming up on your screen are 15 questions. 

For Q1 to Q5, you have to pick the correct sentence,

  1. a) A garden beautiful I have.
  1. b) I have a beautiful garden.
  2. c) Beautiful I have a garden.
  3. d) Have I a beautiful garden.
  1. a) The birds are feeding on seeds.
  1. b) Seeds the birds are feeding on.
  2. c) Feeding on the birds are seeds.
  3. d) Feeding on seeds the birds are.
  1. a) Statue of Liberty I want to see.
  1. b) Liberty of Statue I want to see.
  2. c) I want to see the Statue of Liberty.
  3. d) I see the Statue of liberty want to. 
  1. a) Roses are blue and the sky is red.
  1. b) Red is blue and roses are sky.
  2. c) Sky roses and red are blue.
  3. d) Roses and red and the sky is blue.
  1. a) Lara switched on the TV.
  1. b) The TV switched on Lara.
  2. c) Lara TV switched on.
  3. d) Switched on Lara TV.

Q6 to Q10, you have to point out the subject and the predicate

  1. The sun rises in the East.
  2. The cook burnt the pancakes.
  3. Sincerity and dedication lead to success.
  4. Make hay while the sun shines.
  5. A crackling sound the man heard.

Q11 to Q15, you have to identify the type of sentence

  1. Who are you going to vote for?
  2. Please fill only the highlighted portions in the form.
  3. The principal made an announcement to staff and students.
  4. What an interesting movie this is!
  5. It is a beautiful day today.

 

Solutions:

  1. b) I have a beautiful garden.
  2. a) The birds are feeding on seeds.
  3. c) I want to see the Statue of Liberty.
  4. d) Roses and red and the sky is blue.
  5. a) Lara switched on the TV.
  6. (S) – The sun (S) – rises in the East.
  7. (S) – The child (S) – hurt his foot.
  8. (S) – Sincerity and dedication (S) – lead to success.
  9. (S) – Hay (S) – Make while the sun shines (P)
  10. (S) – A crackling sound – the man heard (P)
  11. Interrogative sentence 
  12. Imperative sentence
  13. Declarative or Assertive sentence
  14. Exclamatory sentence
  15. Declarative or Assertive sentence

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