Home Competitive Exams List of Important Topics to Study for NEET-PG

List of Important Topics to Study for NEET-PG

by Chetna Vasishth

Here are the list of the most important topics and images to study for the NEET – PG exam and this list has been shared with us by Dr.  Apurv Mehra of MedMiracle who is a leading Joint Replacement Surgeon, Educationist and Renowned Author. The information is in the form of downloadable images and you can see the video link provided for the complete detail on How to Crack the NEET PG.

Anatomy –

MUST‐DOs:
o Cranial Nerves And Nuclei, esp. Optic nerve pathway‐ Most important for NIMHANS
o Brachial Plexus: Branches and Palsies
o Root Values And Dermatomes Of UL & LL
o Arteries and branches: Subclavian artery, Axillary artery, Internal iliac
o Nerve Supply Of ‐ Perineum, Ear, Eye
o Rela􀀯ons of Lesser Sac, Parotid gland
o Peritoneal anatomy
Embryology:
o Derivatives Of Different Germ Layers, particularly Neural Crest
o Branchial Arch, Cleft Derivatives
o Spermato/Oogenesis, Mitosis, Meiosis
Osteology
o Types Of Joints With Examples
o Ossification Centers, particularly ones present at birth
o Knee Joint‐ Ligaments; learn with orthopedics (injuries)
Neuroanatomy
o Cavernous Sinus‐ Bounadries/Structures Passing Through It, Tributaries
o Blood Supply
o Brainstem Sections
o Ventricle Boundaries
Perineum
o Urethra (Study with Urethral trauma)
o Rectum‐Anal Canal anatomy
o Spermatic Cord contents
o Reproductive System derivatives (with embryology)
Histology
o List Of Epithelium Lining Of Various Regions
Thorax
o Heart Arterial anatomy
o Diaphragm with embryology
o Bronchovascular Segments of lung
o Lung hilum

Biochemistry

Most important: Cycles‐ Multiple revisions must be given; To be studied with pediatrics inborn
errors of metabolism; understand the step of defect of various disorders with absent enzyme and
resultant substrate accumulation resulting in disease
o Metabolism:
o Glycolysis
o Gluconeogenesis
o Krebs cycle
o Glycogen Synthesis
o Glycogenolysis
o Fatty acid synthesis and Oxidation
o Cholesterol Metabolism
o Purine and pyrimidine synthesis and metabolism
o Genetics: To be done with pathology and genetic disorders of pediatrics
o Karyotyping
o PCR and types, esp. RT‐PCR
o FISH
o Microarray, CGH
o Epigenetics
o Flow cytometry
o Vitamins and essential fatty acids‐Function, Deficiency
o Porphyria With Heme Synthesis: Very important for AIIMS
o Protein Structure, Collagen Structure
o DNA replication, transcription, translation
o Enzymes: Classification With Kinetics, Isozymes

Physiology

o Nerve Muscle Physiology (most important) ‐ Muscle Spindle, Golgi tendon organs, Nerve Fibre
Classification, Skeletal Muscle Contraction cycle, Na K Pump , Action Potential
o CNS: Basal Ganglia, Cerebellum With Its Connections, Brain Brodmann areas and their Functions, Kluverbucy
Syndrome, Role Of Hippocampus, Hypothalamus, Spinal cord: Ascending, Descending Fibers With
Functions
o Sleep physiology‐ EEG: Normal Sleep, Disease Patterns, Sleep Stages
o ANS‐ Receptors
o Cardiovascular: Graphs and numericals*, Poiselle’s Equation Numerical, Volume Of Distribuyion Numerical
Pressure‐volume Curve, Cardiac Cycle, Reflexes‐ Bainbridge, Baroreceptor, Herring Breur, Bezold Jarish, Cushing,
Vasomotor Centre, Exercise Physiology, Stewart‐Hamilton Law, Bernauli’s Law
o Respiratory Physiology: J Reflex, Regulation Of Respiration‐ Apneustic/Pre Botz Complex, Central/Peripheral
Chemoreceptors, V/Q Ratio, Oxygen Dissociation Curve

Microbiology

Bacteriology
o Strep/Staph Classification
o Staph Toxins
o Legionella: Case scenario
o Typhoid toxins
o E.coli, Salmonella , Cholera, Pseudomonas : Lab tests, toxins
o Clostridium: Toxins
o Tuberculosis: Lab Ix most important
o Rickettsia, Syphilis, Leprosy
o Leptospira,Brucella: Case based Qs
Parasitology
o Malaria: Image‐based Qs, stages
o Amoebiasis, Giardiasis, Nematodes/Trematodes‐Transmission And Host
o Toxoplasmosis
o Cysticercosis‐Esp. NCC stages
Virology
o Classification of viruses
o Influenza: Shift vs Drift
o Hepatitis: Types, Hep B serology tests most important
o HIV: Opportunistic, AIDS‐deterministic infections, Mx
o Herpes Group : Types and infections
Mycology
o Classification Of Fungi
o Dermatophytes
o Endemic Mycoses
o Cryptococcus
o Madura Mycosis: Case based, radiology
Immunity (To be done with path)
o Immunoglobins
o Immunodeficiency Disorders

Pathology – Part 1

Neoplasia
o Oncogenes, Tumor Suppressor Genes‐Very important
o Cell Cycle Regulation
o Steps of neoplasia‐Robbins
o Paraneoplastic syndromes
o Tumor markers
Immunity
o Hypersensitivity reactions with examples
o MHC
o Amyloidosis
o CD Markers
o Vasculitis Autoantibodies
Inflammation
o Factors, Cytokines, Chemokines
o Leukocyte adhesion disorders
o Wound Healing
o Platelet & Coagulation Factors with Cascade, Platelet Function Defects
Genetics
o Inheritance Patterns
o Downs, Turners, Noonan, Klinefelter syndromes‐Manifestations
o Anticipation
o Trinucleotide repeat disorders, esp. Huntington, Fragile X
o Genomic Imprinting
o Isochromosomes

Pathology – Part 2

Hematology (To be done with medicine)
o RBC – Classification and differences, mutations, Megaloblastic Anemia,
PNH, Thalassemia, Hemolytic Anaemia
o WBC – Hodgkins’ vs Non‐Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, LCH, ALL, AML, CML,
Myeloproliferative disorders ‐Prognostic factors, IHC markers, Mx
o Tumor & Immunohistochemical Markers List
Ca Lung , Mesothelioma, RCC, Ca Thyroid, Ca Breast, Brain Tumors
Cellular response to stress
o Metaplasia, Hyperplasia, Atrophy, Hypertrophy, Apoptosis,
Reversible/Irreversible Cell Injury Markers, Granulomas
Lab Basics
o Stains , Fixatives, Resolution & Priniciples Of Various Microscopes
Renal path
o Glomerulonephritis H/P most important

Pharmacology

General pharmacology
o Clinical Trials
o Graph of Enzyme Inducers and Inhibitors
o Potency vs Efficacy
o Bioavailability
o Numericals on Vd, t1/2
Systemic Pharmacology : Focussed approach to each category based on MOA, side effects
ANS
o Beta Blockers: most important
o Cholinergics, anticholinergics
o Drugs Used In Glaucoma
Anti‐Microbials
o General: Penicillin, Fluoroquinolones, Aminoglycosides
o Antipseudomonal agents
o Anti‐malarials
o Ant‐tubercular drugs, Anti‐leprosy drugs
o ART
o Antifungals
o Anticancer Agents: Classification, Specific toxicities, Monoclonal antibodies
o CVS: Anti‐Anginal, Anti‐Arrhythmic, Antihypertensives, Statins
o Hematology: LMWH, Warfarin, Anti‐Platelets
o Neuro: Anti‐Parkinsonian drugs , Anti‐Psychotics, Anti‐depressans, Lithium, Opiods, Anti‐Epileptics
o Endocrine: Oral hypoglycemics, Steroids
o GIT: PPIs most important
o Respiratory: Asthma drugs
o Enzyme Inducers, Inhibitors List
o Drugs CI In Pregnancy List
o Drugs CI In Renal Failure List

Forensic

o IPCs: most important; Multiple revisions needed
o Rape + Sexual Offenses
o Toxicology – Cover with Psychi and medicine aspects
‐ Intoxication symptoms, withdrawal symptoms, Smells, Common Names, Antidotes, Active
Compound
‐Most important ‐ Alcohol, Cannabis, Cocaine, LSD, Arsenic, Organophosphates, Cyanide,
Lead, Datura, Barbiturate, Mercury
o Post Mortem Changes, Rigor Mortis
o Injuries: Most important‐Ballistics
o Identification‐Age and sex determination: Ossification centres, Dental, fingerprints
o Legal aspects of medicine: Negligence, basics of court proceedings
o Bloodstain + Semen Tests
o Autopsy Techniques

Opthalmology

Retina
o Diabetic retinopathy stages, images, Mx
o Retinal detachment
o ROP staging
o Retinitis pigmentosa
Conjuctiva and cornea
o Trachoma‐Image, C/F, Elimination strategies
o Conjunctivitis‐ Difference b/w etiologies
o Corneal Ulcer – Fungal , Viral, Acanthamoeba
Neuro‐ophthalmology
o Optic pathway and its lesions
o Eye Deviation In Cranial Nerve Palsies
o Horner Syndrome
o Optic neuritis
o Papilledema
Procedures and surgeries
o Enucleation/Exenteration,Evisceration : Indications
o Keratoplasty
o Dark room procedures
o Tonometry
o Direct/Indirect Ophthalmoscopy
o Macular Func􀀋on Tests
o Visual Field Defects
o EOG
Glaucoma
o Types
o Management Of Glaucoma (To be done with pharma)
o Tumors : Retinoblastoma, Melanoma ‐Stages of RB, Mx
o Myopia , Hypermetropia
o Cataract: Causes, Mx

ENT – Part 1

o Ear
o Hearing Tests, Audiometry‐ Localisa􀀘on of hearing loss
o Anatomy of Middle Ear
o Meniere’s disease
o Otosclerosis
o Malignant Otitis Externa
o CSOM: Types and Complications
o Acoustic Neuroma
o Glomus tumour
o Nose And Pharynx
o JNA most important
o Anatomy with blood supply
o Epistaxis
o Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

ENT – Part 2

o Tonsillectomy: Methods And Indica􀀘ons
o FESS
o Polyps‐Ethmoidal, antrochoanal
o CSF Rhinorrhea
o Throat
o Vocal Cord Palsy
o Laryngeal Carcinoma‐ Staging with stage‐wise Mx
o RRP
o Tracheostomy: Procedure, indications
o Lasers In ENT
o Radiology of ENT: Identify Towne’s view, Law’s view, Water’s view,
Caldwell’s view

PSM

o Programs (Most important): Must revise all recent updates and newly launched programs
Important: Mental Health Act, RNTCP, NPCB, ICDS, NVBDCP, JSSK
o Biostatistics – Numerical‐based questions**, Bias, sampling, confounding, confidence interval, SE,
Parametric/non‐parametric test
o Epidemiology‐ Odds ratio, Study design, Hardy‐weinberg law, secular trends and epidemics,
screening, Health indices
o Biomedical waste Mx‐Classification and treatment of classified waste
o Immunization – UIP, VVM Herd Immunity
o Demographics: Indices‐NMR, MMR, U5MR, Current values
o Nutrition‐RDA, Iodine deificiency, Vit A deficiency prophylaxis programs
o Communicable Disease (To be covered with Micro and national programs ) – Vector‐borne, TB,
Leprosy, Measles, Trachoma, Tetanus, Polio

Medicine Part 1

CVS
o ECG most important‐ At least one question expected; Particulary important STEMI vs
NSTEMI, Changes in Electrolyte Imbalances, Arrythmias‐ PSVT, AFIB, Atrial flutier, VFIB, ‐
o RHD‐ MS, MR, AS, AR With Murmurs, Mx
o Pericardial Diseases
o MI: Particularly Management
o Infective Endocarditis: Duke’s criterai
o Classification of shock : Approach based Q
RESPIRATORY
o Approach to PFT, DLco, Volume curves
o Pneumoconiosis: Particulary asbestosis, HSP
o Pulmonary embolism: Appraoch, Radiology
o Sarcoidosis‐Diagnostic features
o ARDS‐Criteria, Ventilation basics
NEPHROLOGY
o AKI: Criteria, biomarkers
o CKD: Manifestations, Stages
o Glomerulonephritis ‐H/P most important
o Renal Tubular Acidosis‐Differences
GASTRO
o Approach to Malabsorption
o Inflammatory bowel disease: CD vs UC vs GI TB; extraintestinal manifestations
o Viral/Alcoholic/Autoimmune Hepatitis: Critera, differences
o Acute Pancreatitis: Revised Atlanta classification, criteria, Mx

Medicine – Part 2

RHEUMAT
o Vasculitis: CHAPEL HILL Classification most important
o SLE, Systemic Sclerosis, RA, Gout
o Behcets Disease
o Wilson’s, Hemochromatosis
ENDOCRINE
o Pituitary Adenoma,Sheehan syndrome, Lymphocytic hypophysitis
o Galactorrhea‐amenorrhea Syndrome
o Disorders of Calcium Metabolism
o MEN syndromes
o Diabetes: Mx, MODY (to be done with pharmacology)
NEUROLOGY
o LOCALISATION of pathology most important
o Specific EEG changes
o Stroke: Approach, Mx, Window
o Epilepsy: Causes, Mx (to be done with pharmacology)
o Dementia and movement disorders: Mx (to be done with pharmacology)
o Multiple sclerosis, ADEM
o Myasthenia gravis
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE: Numericals, Mx
o Metabolic Acidosis
o Metabolic Alkalosis
o Respiratory Acidosis
o Respiratory Alkalosis
o Hypercalcemia
o Hyperkalemia

Surgery – Part 1

o Surgical oncology: Must not miss TNM staging, Management, Prognostic
factors for important cancers: Breast, Thyroid, Gall Bladder, Esophagus, Stomach,
Colorectal, Testes, Renal cell carcinoma, Lung cancer, Prostate
o Endocrine surgery: Solitary thyroid nodule approach, Thyroid malignancies,
PTH adenoma, Pheochromocytoma
o Trauma: Approach type ques􀀔ons, Triage, Primary and Secondary survey, Blunt
and penetra􀀔ng abdominal trauma approach, Head trauma‐EDH vs SDH, Neck
trauma zones, Genitourinary, esp. urethral trauma approach, eFAST
o GI surgery: Esophageal motility disorders, Diverticula, peptic strictures, Gall
Stone, Peptic Ulcer, IBD‐Crohn’s disease vs Ulcerative colitis, GI TB, Colonic
polyps, Appendicitis, Cholecystitis, Surgically obstructive jaundice approach,
Intestinal Obstruction
o Pediatric surgery: Congenital Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis, Malrotation,
Intussusception, Hirschsprung Disease, Cleft Lip and Palate, Congenital GU
anomalies
o Vascular surgery: Peripheral arterial disease, Varicose veins, DVT, Aortic
Aneurysm
And Dissection
o Hernia
o Burns: Degrees, Management, Parkland formula

Surgery – Part 2

o Breast: Screening, BIRADS, Triple assessment, ANDI
o Transplant – Liver, Kidney: Types, Complications
o Bariatric Surgery: Types
o Skin cancers: Melanoma, BCC
o Mediastinal masses
o Postoperative Patient care
o Plastic Surgery: Gratis
o Surgical Instruments to know (For Professional Exams VIVA and Image‐based
Qs)
o Forceps: Hemostatic (Kelly’s), Kocher’s, Allis, Babcock, Towel Clip, Maryland
Forceps, Toothed & Non‐Toothed Forceps, Needle Holder, Veres Needle
o Retractors: Deaver’s, Morris, Langenback, Cat Paw, Jolly’s Thyroid Retractor,
Sa􀀔nsky Vascular Clamp
o Others: Scalpel & Blades (Sizes used commonly), Mayo Scissors, Metzenbaum
Scissors, Rampleys Swab Holding Forceps, Desjardin’s Choledocholithotomy
Forceps, Bakes Dilator, Doyen’s Intestinal Clamp, Payer’s Intestinal Crushing Clamp,
Bone Cutier, Bone Nibbler, Rib Cutier, Periosteum Elevator, Bone Chisel, Gigli Saw,
Vim Silverman Liver Biopsy Trocar & Needle

Pediatrics

Community pediatrics: To be done with PSM
o New programs, MCH programs
o IMR, NMR, U5MR – Current Values, MC Cause
Developmental Milestones :MUST REVISE MULTIPLE TIMES
Neonatalogy
o Neonatal Reflexes
o NRP Guidelines
o RDS: All causes, differenes
o HIE
o IODM
o NEC‐Bell’s Staging
o Breast feeding
o Jaundice : Causes, Physiological vs pathological,Mx
Neurocuataneous Syndromes
o NF1, NF2
o Tuberous sclerosis
o VHL
o Sturge weber syndrome
Congenital Heart Disease
o Murmurs
o Diagnostic approach to CHD‐Oligemia vs plethora
Vaccination : UIP schedule, Details of each vaccine ( To be done with PSM)
Systemic Peds
o Nephrotic Syndrome, IgA Nephropathy, Glomerulonephritis
o Meningitis
o PEM, Rickets, Scurvy
o Dehydration : Mx
o Epilepsy
o Inborn errors of metabolism
o Croup, Epiglotitis, LRTI

Orthopedics – Part 1

IMAGING
1. Periosteal Reaction*
2. Investigations for stress Fracture
3. Osteomyelitis and Bone Tumors
INFECTIONS:
1. Osteomyelitis
2. Pyogenic arthritis
3. Actinomycosis
TUBERCULOSIS:
1. Pott’s spine*
2. T.B. Knee & Hip
BONE TUMORS:
1. Diagnosis especially benign tumors*
2. Management malignant tumors*
3. Bone Cyst
SPORTS INJURY:
1. Cruciate ligaments and Meniscal injuries
AMPUTATION:
1. Symes
2. Choparts
3. Lisfranc
TRAUMATOLOGY
1. COMPLICATION:
a. Compartment Syndrome
b. Crush Injury
c. Fat Embolism
d. Sudecks dystrophy
e. Myositis Ossificans

Orthopedics – Part 2

2. UPPER LIMB:
a. Dislocations* ‐ Shoulder & Elbow
b. Fractures* ‐ Clavicle, Humerus, Supracondylar humerus, Lateral condyle humerus, Colles and Carpo
metacarpal injuries
3. CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES:
4. LOWER LIMB:
a. Dislocations* ‐ Hip & Knee
b. Fractures* of hip, femur shaft, Patella, Tibia and Calcaneum
c. Ankle Sprain
5. Treatment – Nails, Screws & Wires
AVASCULAR NECROSIS* AND OSTEOCHONDRITIS
NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS:
a. Polio
b. Disc prolapsed
c. Bursitis and other inflammatory disorders
d. Dupuytrens contracture
METABOLIC DISORDERS:
a. Rickets and Osteomalacia*
b. Osteopetrosis* and Pagets*
c. Osteoporosis * and Hyperparathyrodism
d. Achondroplasia*
e. Osteogenesis imperfect
ARTHRITIS:
a. Osteoarthritis*
b. R.A* and Ankylosin spondylitis*
c. Gout* and Pseudogout
d. Charcots Joints
NERVE INJURIES:
a. Erb’s palsy
b. Ulnar*, Median and Radial Nerve
c. Entrapment syndrome – Carpal tunnel and Meralgia Paraesthetica

PEDIATRICS ORTHOPEDICS:
a. DDH*, Perthes* and Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
b. CTEV*
c. Genu Varum

Obstetrics and Gynae

 Gynecology:
o Oncology (most important): Staging With Treatment‐Endometrium, cervix, ovary
o Menstrual Physiology: Normal phases, Abnormalities, especially Primary Amenorrhea
o PCOS: criteria, pathophysiology, Mx
o Contraception
o Infertility: approach‐based Qs
o STI: Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomonas, Candidiasis
o Mullerian Anomalies: Classification (recent update), MRKH, AIS
o Obstetrics
o Physiological Changes In Pregnancy: One liners, quantitative values
o Systemic Conditions In Pregnancy: GDM, PIH,Rh isoimmunization, Anemia most important
o Interventions: Amniocentesis, Chorionic Villous Sampling
o GTN, Ectopic Pregnancy, Abortions
o Operative: C Sec/ Ventouse/ Forceps
o Stages Of Labour, Partogram, NST: Recent trend
o PPH: Management algorithm with drug dosages must
o Pelvis Types, Fetal Skull Diameters

Dermatology

o Vesico‐Bullous Disorders: Most important: Compare Level of split, Tzanck, immunofluorescence,
Histopath findings of different diseases
o Infections‐Leprosy (Read with PSM program on leprosy eradication), Cutaneous TB,
Dermatophytes, Scabies, STIs (read with OBG and PSM program)
o Neurocutaneous Disorders (read with Med, Peds, Radio)
o Papulosquamous Diseases‐ Psoriasis most important with treatment op􀀋ons
o Atopic Dermatitis
o Disorders Of Pigmentation‐ Mx of viriligo most important
o Acne – Management
o Annular Lesions Image‐based Qs ‐Erythema Marginatum/ Migrans/ Mulriforme
o Malignancies‐Melanoma, BCC, XP

Psychiatry

o Psychopharmacology (MOST IMPORTANT)‐Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Anti-anxiety, Mood
stabilisers esp. Lithium
o Psychotherapy Esp CBT, ECT
o Toxicology: Withdrawal and intoxication symptoms; Alcohol most important (To be done along
with FMT toxicology and Critical care in medicine)
o Child Psychiatry – ADHD, Autism, ID
o Personality disorders
o Schizophrenia and mood disorders: Defini􀀋ons DSM‐V; Case scenarios‐Diagnosis
o Sleep Disorders, Narcolepsy‐To do along with Sleep physiology
o Conversion Disorders: Definitions DSM‐V
o Delirium vs dementia
o Defence Mechanisms
o Diagnostic Criteria‐Time Cut offs very important to be revised

Radiology

o IOC, Initial Investigations For Various Conditions
o Basics of imaging modalities‐Radiograph, CT, MRI and USG: Concepts and techniques, radiation
involved
o Radiation physics: Radiation effects, Units, Radiation protec􀀋on, Xray interac􀀋on with matter, Xray
tube
o Chest radiology : Approach to chest xray, cross‐sectional anatomy CT, Emergencies
o GI radiology: Cross‐sectional anatomy, Emergencies
o Genitourinary radiology: Renal tumors, gynecological emergencies
o Neuroradiology : Approach to brain tumors, Spotiers‐Skull Xray series, Head trauma, Spinal
tumors; myelography, Stroke, Spine trauma
o MSK radiology: Bone tumors, Metabolic bone diseases, Arthritis
o Iodinated Contrast, Barium, USG contrast, MRI contrast
o Nuclear medicine and radiotherapy: Concepts, PET, important radionuclides
o Signs‐Image based questions (Must see)

Anaesthesia

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2 comments

Arpit Bharadwaj April 26, 2019 - 8:48 pm

Very very beautiful approach given by apporv sir

Reply
Karthikeyan April 29, 2019 - 10:06 am

I was confused and don’t know where I should start and now it’s clear. Thank u chetna and a very big thanks to Dr.Apurv

Reply

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